1. The IB Organization, and City Honors School at Fosdick-Masten Park, define academic misconduct as behavior (whether deliberate or inadvertent) that results in, or may result in, the student or any other student gaining an unfair advantage in one or more components of assessment. Behavior that may disadvantage another student is also regarded as academic misconduct. Academic misconduct is a breach of these regulations and includes, but is not restricted to, the following:
a. plagiarism—this is defined as the representation, intentionally or unintentionally, of the ideas, words or work of another person without proper, clear and explicit acknowledgment.
b. collusion—this is defined as supporting academic misconduct by another student, for example, allowing one’s work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another.
c. duplication of work—this is defined as the presentation of the same work for different assessment components and/or DP core requirements.
d. misconduct during an IB examination (for example, taking unauthorized material into an examination, behavior that disrupts the examination or distracts other students, or communicating with another student).
e. any other behavior that gains an unfair advantage for a student or that affects the results of another student (for example, falsifying a CAS record, disclosure of information to and receipt of information from students about the content of an examination paper within 24 hours after a written examination via any form of communication/media).
2. As an IB World School, City Honors School works to promote all ten (10) Learner Profile Traits in all students. The main learner profile trait that relates to academic honesty is Principled and the school works to help students internalize what that means. Specifically, that “we act with integrity and honesty, with a strong sense of fairness and justice, and with respect for the dignity and rights of people everywhere. We take responsibility for our actions and their consequences.”
3. Proper use of referencing conventions is taught at every grade level in our English Language Arts classes. Additionally, teachers use turnitin.com to help monitor and authenticate student work and to also help students to understand the proper use of paraphrasing, quoting sources, etc…. Non-ELA teachers also work with students and teach about academic honesty as it relates to their individual classes. Students are notified of the procedures each teacher will follow, should an incident of academic misconduct be suspected of taking place.
At the beginning of each school year, each teacher spends a minimum of the equivalent of one class period on Academic Honesty and what that means at City Honors School.
4. The regulations for the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program with regard to academic honesty on Internal or External Assessments for the IB Diploma Program state:
a. (21.1) If questions arise about the authenticity of a student’s work before submission for assessment, the situation must be resolved within the school. If possible academic misconduct (for example, plagiarism, collusion) is identified after a student’s work has been submitted to the IB Organization for assessment, the school’s DP coordinator must inform the IB Organization as soon as possible. For work that is internally assessed, “submission” refers to the deadline by which teachers’ marks must be submitted to the IB Organization. For work that is externally assessed, other than the scripts from the written examinations, “submission” refers to the student signing the declaration of authenticity for their work.
b. (21.2) When a school, an examiner, or the IB Organization establishes evidence to suspect academic misconduct by a student, the school will be required to conduct an investigation and provide the IB Organization with statements and other relevant documentation concerning the case. If a school fails to support the investigation into possible academic misconduct, no grade will be awarded to the student in the subject(s) concerned.
c. (21.3) If the IB Organization notifies a school that a student is suspected of academic misconduct and that the IB Organization has the intention of initiating an investigation, at the discretion of the head of school it is permissible for the student to be withdrawn from the session or from the subject(s) in which academic misconduct may have occurred. However, at the discretion of the IB Organization the investigation into the suspected academic misconduct by the student may still proceed and a decision be reached on whether to uphold or dismiss academic misconduct. If a student is withdrawn from a subject no mark for that subject may contribute to the award of a grade in a future examination session.
d. (21.4) Students suspected of academic misconduct must be invited, through the school’s DP coordinator, to present a written statement that addresses the suspicion of academic misconduct. If a student declines to present a statement, the investigation and decision on whether the student is in breach of regulations will still proceed.
e. (21.5) The majority of cases of suspected academic misconduct will be presented to a sub-committee of the Final Award Committee. The sub-committee will normally comprise IB Organization staff, school representatives, and chief/deputy chief examiners, but any group or combination of these persons may make decisions on cases subject to the approval of the Final Award Committee. The sub-committee will be chaired by the chair or vice-chair of the Final Award Committee, or a chief examiner nominated by the vice-chair.
f. (21.6) Decisions of the sub-committee are made on behalf of and under the supervision of the Final Award Committee. After reviewing all statements and evidence collected during the investigation, the sub-committee will decide whether to dismiss the suspicion of academic misconduct, uphold it, or ask for further investigations to be made. If the sub-committee is unable to reach a decision then the case will be referred to the Final Award Committee.
g. (21.7) If the sub-committee decides that a case of academic misconduct has been established, a penalty will be applied in the subject(s) concerned. The penalty will, in the judgment of the sub-committee, be commensurate with the severity of the misconduct. If a case of academic misconduct is considered by the Final Award Committee to be very serious, the Final Award Committee may decide not to issue a grade for a student in the subject(s) concerned and additionally prohibit the student from being registered in any future examination sessions.
h. (21.8) If no grade is issued for a subject that contributes to a student’s IB Diploma, no IB Diploma will be awarded to the student. DP Course Results will be awarded for other subjects in which no academic misconduct has occurred. Except in cases of serious or repeat misconduct, the student will be permitted to register for future examination sessions, which may include the session that follows six months later, if the relevant registration deadlines are met. In the case of an IB Diploma Student, if the session in which the academic misconduct has been established is the student’s third examination session towards achieving the award of the IB Diploma, no further IB examination sessions will be permitted.
i. (21.9) If the student has already been found in breach of regulations in any previous session, this will normally lead to disqualification from participation in any future examination session.
j. (21.10) If there is substantive evidence, the IB Organization is entitled to conduct an investigation into academic misconduct after a student’s results have been issued. If academic misconduct is subsequently established by the Final Award Committee, or its sub-committee, the student’s grade for the subject(s) concerned may be withdrawn from the student which will also result in the withdrawal of their IB Diploma where applicable.
5. The essential aspect of academic honesty as it relates to reports, essays, or research projects is that the student acknowledges the contributions of others in the completion of work and does not misrepresent work as his or her own when it is not. Students should gather information and ideas from various sources and should select what is most relevant and reliable for the completion of projects. When producing reports or essays, students must acknowledge these sources. If teachers and students use third-party material as stimuli and/or as part of any of their tasks this material must be fully referenced. While there is no mandated school-wide referencing convention, the English Language Arts Department will instruct students in the use of MLA and this instruction will take place at every grade level.
6. Teachers are expected to minimize the opportunities for students to partake in collusion, misconduct, or academic dishonesty. These actions include, but are not limited to, making sure no student has a cell phone on their person during an in-class assessment, placing desks far enough apart so students can not read each others’ answers, differentiating homework assignments so students are less inclined to copy others’ assignments, and varying/changing assessments and labs from year to year, and being vigilant while the assessment is taking place.
7. Procedures if Academic Misconduct is suspected on assessments
a. If a student is suspected of academic malpractice during an in-class assessment, the teacher will move the student, remove from reach anything the student was using to gain unfair advantage on the assessment, and allow the student to finish the assessment.
b. If a student is suspected of academic malpractice on an assessment, the student will be notified of this fact and the teacher will contact and talk to the student’s parent(s)/guardian(s) - either on the phone or in person.
c. The student will be required to write a statement regarding the incident.
d. If the student is found to have committed academic malpractice (intentional or unintentional), the student will have to re-do the assessment and a 20% deduction from the in-school grade will be taken off the new assessment once it is graded as a sanction for academic malpractice.
e. In the case of an assessment that would have taken a significant amount of time to produce, the student will be given a reasonable amount of time to submit the new assessment.
f. Additionally, the teacher is responsible for entering details about this infraction into the Infinite Campus Student Information System. Specifically, information on the infraction, the penalty, and date/details of discussion with student and parent/guardian.
g. If a student or parent/guardian believes an incorrect determination has occurred, the student or parent/guardian may appeal the determination to the administrator in charge of supervising the academic department of the teacher. The decision of the administrator is final.
h. If a pattern of academic misconduct begins to emerge, an administrator will work with the school’s Student Support Team and the parent(s)/guardian(s) of that student. Additionally, other sanctions may be put in place toward the goal of permanent remediation of this issue.
8. This policy will be revisited and revised when necessary and it will be widely communicated.